How to watch (and record) the 2024 solar eclipse on April 8

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North American CEO eclipse will blackout the US, Canada and Mexico on April 8, as you’ve no doubt heard. It is a very important astronomical event, the first of which began on August 21, 2017 and the last of which will be visible from around the world until 2044.

The phases of these three planets will have a “totality” or total eclipse of the sun and moon. Lucky people can see the sunlight and the “diamond ring” – a beautiful and impressive sight. Some areas will have a partial eclipse, with the level depending on how close you are. Seeing the moon eclipse the sun, however small, is still impressive.

So, which cities and regions will experience it all? When will it happen? What is the weather forecast for these areas? And if you can see clearly, how can you watch and record the event safely? Read on to learn more.

Will the US see a total solar eclipse, and when?

How to watch (and photograph) a solar eclipse

The good news is that most of the major locations are on either side of the 100-mile radius, so millions of people will be able to see the total eclipse. It follows a northeasterly path, so the Pacific coast of Mexico will get the first views in Mazatlan starting around 10:57 AM PDT (total eclipse starting at 12:07 PDT), followed by the city of Torreón (all local times).

The eclipse will reach the United States at 12:10 PM CDT (Eagle Pass, Texas), then hit Austin, Fort Worth and Dallas – three of Texas’ five most populous cities. From there, it moves to Little Rock, Arkansas, followed by parts of Missouri, Illinois and Indiana (including Indianapolis).

How to watch (and photograph) a solar eclipseHow to watch (and photograph) a solar eclipse

NASA

The Ohio cities of Dayton, Toledo and Cleveland get all the exposure, followed by Erie, Pennsylvania, then Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse in New York along with Maine. Canada also has fun, with parts of southern Ontario (Hamilton, Niagara Falls) and Quebec (Montreal) getting it all, along with New Brunswick, PEI and finally, Bonavista, Labrador at 4:03 PM NDT (Newfoundland Time) .

If you are somewhere else on the continent and can’t travel, know that the closer you get to the constellation, the more the sun will be covered by the moon (this map shows how many eclipses you can get depending on where you are on the continent).

An impressive list of major locations are within 200 miles, so they will receive a 90 percent or better eclipse (Houston, St. Louis, Memphis, Nashville, Chicago, Cincinnati, Detroit, Toronto, New York, Boston).

Everyone in the US south, west and northeast should be treated well, as are the people of southeastern Canada and the Atlantic coast. Even if you’re not in those areas, you can see (and photograph) a small eclipse.

How long does the 2024 solar eclipse last?

From the beginning when the moon begins to cover the sun (a partial eclipse) to the end when the two bodies share a path is a good time – up to two hours and forty minutes in Dallas, and 2:18 in Caribou, Maine.

However, the risk itself is short, and the duration depends on how close you are to the center of the group and the time of day. It’s just a few minutes to Dallas, less than three minutes to Presque Island, Maine and one minute and 12 seconds to Montreal. Therefore, you should be prepared and hope that the sky will clear in that short window.

What is the weather forecast for my area?

It is still early days for accurate predictions, but a week is enough to know more about the region. Suffice it to say, the month of April is not ideal for clear skies. That said, the eclipse can still be seen through light cloud cover, and even when it’s thick, the sky will be very dark.

Unfortunately, the possibility of rain is real above average passing through many parts of the ecliptic. The forecast predicts that the chance of clear skies is much further north-east where you live, unlike in the past.

In fact, Dallas has a forecast of rain all day (58 percent), which could mean constant cloud cover and poor visibility if that happens. That gets a little better when you get to Indianapolis (partly cloudy, 24 percent chance of rain), but things are even better in Buffalo, New York (partly cloudy, 11 percent).

Things are looking good right now in Montreal, though, with mostly sunny skies and only 9 percent of rain, and so is Fredericton, New Brunswick.

Niagara Falls is also showing good eclipse weather (mostly sunny, 18 percent) and is in totality, prompting the city to announce the development. emergency situation by being careful. Officials estimate that a million people could flock to the area, which could lead to a dangerous situation.

How can I watch a solar eclipse at home?

Staring at the sun is obviously dangerous for your eyes, and doing so during an eclipse can be harmful as well. Although you may not feel better right away, you can damage your eyes through the so-called problem Solar retinopathy. This can cause serious problems such as eye pain, skin spots, blurred vision etc.

How to watch (and photograph) a solar eclipseHow to watch (and photograph) a solar eclipse

American Astronomical Society

To see clearly, you need to buy approved solar eclipse glasses according to the international standard of safety called ISO 12312-2 (regular glasses won’t do). This depends on the maximum light transmission, along with the maximum number of acceptable wavelengths (UVA, UVB and infrared).

There is definitely time to get two if you don’t already have one. The American Astronomical Societyy (AAS) has many ideas for manufacturers and retailers, online and in supply chains.

Warby Parker, for one, is giving away free sunglasses (limit two per person when completed). You can also find them at Staples, Lowes and Walmart, or online at B&H and several science and astronomy stores.

AAS advises against hunting for the lowest price on Amazon or eBay, however, if you get knocked up. “Before buying a monitor or browsing the Internet, we recommend that you make sure that (1) the seller is identified on the site and (2) the seller is listed. this page,” it says on its Solar Eclipse Across America website.

How to watch the eclipse without glasses

How to watch (and photograph) a solar eclipseHow to watch (and photograph) a solar eclipse

Canadian Space Agency

It is also possible to see the eclipse without glasses through other methods. The easiest way is to punch a small hole in thick paper or cardboard, then place it so that the sun shines through the hole on the ground or on a flat surface (you can also attach a piece of foil to the hole, like NASA shows it here). This will create an image of the Sun’s disk, allowing you to see the eclipse in real time.

The same principle allows you to use anything with perforated holes, like a colander, to show more of the eclipse on the surface. Trees can do the same thing, producing amazing leaf shadows with subtle solar eclipses.

How to watch (and photograph) a solar eclipseHow to watch (and photograph) a solar eclipse

Benjamin Seigh / Wikimedia

For more information, you can create a blank box project. In the middle, the door will go through the door of the tin door on the front of the card. The Canadian Space Agency explains exactly how to do it.

Do not view the eclipse directly through binoculars or a telescope, as this is a sure way to damage your eyes. That said, you can use binoculars or a telescope project Sun on paper, as shown this video.

How to take photos or videos of a solar eclipse

Unfortunately, you can’t just point your smartphone or camera at the sun to record an eclipse, because the light will interfere with the sensor and ruin the image (and possibly damage the sensor). Fortunately, you can protect your camera just like you do your eyes.

The cheapest way to do this is to buy a pair of extra eclipse glasses, then cut a photo of the eye on one and take a picture of it on your smartphone (or other camera). This will reduce the light levels enough to see the details of the sun throughout the partial and total eclipse.

You can also buy dedicated solar filters for smartphones like VisiSolar Photo Filters, which is designed for cameras and not for direct viewing. Another option is Solar Snap Eclipse program Kit, which also offers software that helps capture solar eclipses. It’s also a good idea to wear sunglasses when setting up your smartphone or camera to protect your eyes.

If you’re shooting the eclipse with a mirrorless camera or DSLR, you will need either mylar, 16-stop ND (neutral density) or hydrogen alpha solar filter. Again, don’t look directly through the DSLR’s optical viewfinder into the sun if the lens doesn’t have one of the filters attached (the viewfinder on a mirrorless camera is safer).

To photograph the eclipse with a cell phone, turn off the flash and set the camera to a wide or long exposure mode. DO NOT look at the sun to adjust your camera if you are not wearing eclipse glasses.

Don’t use digital mode to try to zoom in on the eclipse, as you may fail (you can preview it later in your photo editing software). Once you are looking at the sun, use your phone’s lock to prevent it from “hunting” for viewing and interfering with the eclipse.

Each time, the “diamond ring” only lasts a minute, so use your burst camera or you’ll miss the shot. And try to shoot RAW images (instead of JPEG) to save as much information as possible for editing later. iPhone and Android smartphones have built-in RAW capability, if not, you can use a third-party software.

If you decide to take a video, you need a filter as well, of course. But you should also use a tripod, because shooting handheld will make it dark and make the video shaky. Although a cheap price will commit fraud, along with a a simple smartphone holder. Record in the highest possible resolution (4K or 8K) at the highest quality. You’ll also find all the cheers, screams, and more – a treasured memory you’ll look back on again and again.

Lots of resources

There are many public and private sites that have information about the eclipse, starting with AAS eclipse pageexplaining things like eye protection, photography, aids and even a the whole program – “an interactive map showing what you will see from every location in North America during the total solar eclipse on April 8, 2024.”

NASA also provides a dedicated website for The North American Eclipseas well National Weather Service and National Solar Observatory. A secret place called Great American Eclipse it’s commercial, but it has a very useful map showing how many eclipses you’ll see depending on your location, as well as a list of eclipse times and lengths. and the city.

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