History of Puntland

[ad_1]

Puntland, an arid region in the northeast of Somalia, became an independent state in August 1998, in part to avoid the clan war in southern Somalia.

Despite its relative calm, the region has endured armed conflicts, and grabbed international headlines for attacks on international ships in the Indian Ocean.

Puntland is home to many Somalis displaced by violence in the south.

Unlike its neighbour, breakaway Somaliland, Puntland said it does not want to be recognized as an independent entity, instead it wants to be part of federal Somalia.

However, in 2024, Puntland announced that it would function as an independent state amid a dispute over Somalia’s constitutional reform.

The area takes its name from the Land of Punt, an ancient Egyptian trading post and place full of legends.

  • Headquarters: Garowe (management), Bosaso (commercial)

  • Region: 212,510 sq km

  • Population: 4.9 million

  • Languages: Somali, Arabic, English

  • Life expectancy: 53 years (male) 56 years (female)

President: Said Abdullahi Dani

Said Abdullahi Dani

[Getty Images]

Said Abdullahi Dani, won a second four-year term in January 2024, making him the first regional leader to win re-election since the state declared independence in 1998. A former federal minister, he was elected the first president in January 2019.

In his winning speech, he urged the Somali people to “forget the past and open a new page for peace, development and cooperation”.

Somalia’s former foreign minister, Abshir Omar Jama, who was supported by the government, finished third.

Deni faces major challenges in his second term, including insecurity, political conflicts with the federal government and conflicts with the newly declared state of Khatumo and the breakaway region of Somaliland.

Pictures of Puntland Radio Station Radio Galkayo.Pictures of Puntland Radio Station Radio Galkayo.

Radio Galkayo cooperates with the authorities [Radio Galkayo]

Although Puntland’s constitution provides for the freedom of the press, the authorities have imposed a ban on journalists and media outlets.

Private radio stations are allowed to operate. There are no newspapers currently published in Puntland.

Garowe, SomaliaGarowe, Somalia

[Getty Images]

17th-19th century – The region of modern Puntland is ruled by the Sultanate of Majerteen – a major trading power.

1888-9 – Majeerteen and the co-sultanate of Hobyo become protectorates of Italy.

1920s – Both sultanates were attached to Italian Somaliland.

1960 – Puntland becomes a part of the independent Somalia and includes the territories of Italy and British Somaliland.

1998 – The Puntland region has declared its independence after the rest of Somalia fell into chaos, but it does not want independence.

2005-2012 – Pirates – especially those who operate outside of Puntland – are at great risk for ships off the coast of Somalia, before falling due to the threat of international maritime activity.

2024 – Puntland has announced that it will act as an independent state amid a dispute over Somalia’s constitutional reform, until the changes are approved in a national referendum.

French naval commandos operate on a speedboat near the French frigate Sirocco as part of an EU anti-corruption mission off the coast of Puntland on March 26, 2014.French naval commandos operate on a speedboat near the French frigate Sirocco as part of an EU anti-corruption mission off the coast of Puntland on March 26, 2014.

The threat of piracy in Puntland triggered a major naval operation involving the EU and other countries’ warships. [AFP]

[ad_2]

Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *