The UN High Court has also ordered Israel to ease tensions in Gaza

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) on Thursday ordered Israel to take measures to protect civilians in Gaza and reduce the humanitarian crisis along the coast where Israeli forces are fighting the Palestinian militant group Hamas.

The court ordered Israel to help send aid to Gaza, recognizing that there is no substitute for crossing the border to get supplies. The court also said that Israel must not “take actions that violate any of the rights of Palestinians in Gaza.”

The ruling by the United Nations High Court on Thursday comes after a request from South Africa for the ICJ to take action after the court’s previous ruling in January did not reduce the humanitarian crisis in Gaza.

The ICJ said on Thursday that the situation had escalated since January.

“The court notes with regret that, since that time, the Palestinian life in the Gaza Strip has been deteriorating,” it wrote, “mainly due to the lack of food and other basic necessities for a long time. The Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip have been defeated.”

The State of Palestine at the UN said in a post on Xalready Twitter, that “Israel must fully cooperate” with the plan, knowing that it was constructive.

South Africa filed a case at the ICJ in late 2023, accusing Israel of killing people in the war against Hamas in Gaza. More than 32,000 people have died in Gaza, and the coastal region is facing famine.

Israel has denied the accusations and says it has the right to defend itself after Hamas attacked southern Israel on Oct. 7, killing 1,200 people and taking 250 prisoners. About 100 hostages are still alive in Gaza.

An ICJ case could take years to resolve if Israel is committing genocide, but the court decided to take action in January after a request from South Africa.

These basic laws include measures to prevent the killing of civilians, support humanitarian aid and punish those who attempt to kill people.

Israel issued a report in February detailing its progress in complying with the court order.

The ICJ has also called for the release of Hamas hostages.

The UN Security Council has separately called for a ceasefire in Gaza for the entire holy month of Ramadan, which lasts for another two weeks, and for the release of hostages.

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