Bank of Japan is keeping ultra-low interest rates in place even as global peers tighten policy to cool rising prices.
Japan’s core consumer inflation remained above the central bank’s 2 percent target for a third straight month in June, as the economy faced pressure from high global raw material prices that have pushed up the cost of the country’s imports.
The rise in consumer prices challenges the Bank of Japan’s view that recent price hikes in the world’s third-largest economy will remain somewhat temporary, even as households worry about higher living costs.
The nationwide core consumer price index (CPI), which excludes volatile fresh food costs but includes those of energy, rose 2.2 percent in June from a year earlier, government data showed.
The data, which matched a median market forecast, meant inflation remained above the BOJ’s 2 percent target for a third consecutive month. It followed rises of 2.1 percent in May and April.
The core-core CPI, which strips away both volatile food and fuel costs, was up 1 percent in June from a year earlier, marking the sharpest rise since February 2016.
Rising fuel and food prices, blamed partly on Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and a sharply weakening yen that is swelling import costsare expected to keep Japan’s core consumer inflation above the BOJ’s target for most of this year, analysts say.
But that still leaves the overall pace of price increases in Japan well below much sharper rises in the United States and European economies, as sluggish wage growth and a slow recovery of consumption discourages Japanese firms from price hikes.
Inflation in the 19 countries sharing the euro currency has shot to all-time highs above 8 percent. Inflation in the United Kingdom last month was at its highest rate in 40 years.
The Bank of Japan on Thursday raised its core consumer inflation forecast for the current fiscal year ending in March 2023 to 2.3 percent from 1.9 percent, but kept its ultra-low interest rates in place even as many of its global peers sharply tighten policy in an attempt to cool price pressures.