Narendra Modi does not admit that he made a mistake, even though the Indians have suffered a lot because of his principles. But the Indian Prime Minister apologized several times last week when he made a dramatic change by promising to abolish anti-farm laws after a year of protests.
Modi determined that agricultural change – the goal of opening up the market to participate in companies – would have been raised farmers’ money. But he acknowledged that the government of his party Bharatiya Janata had failed to reach an agreement on reforms that would have resulted in millions.
“I want to say with all my heart that he probably did shortcoming “We have not been able to explain to our fellow farmers the truth as clear as a flame,” Modi said in a special statement on television.
The Prime Minister’s sudden move to reclaim one of the biggest economic reforms in his second term was followed by a long period of time. political standpoint and farmers, who have closed highways to New Delhi for one year in a show of strength.
Investigators say the decline reflects concerns over what the ruling party is expected to do in next year’s elections in Uttar Pradesh, India’s largest state and the current BJP stronghold. The results of this vote will lead to a general election in 2024.
The BJP’s resounding victory in the 2017 US general election helped the party show that it was an unstoppable juggernaut to win the 2019 elections.
But farmers in Uttar Pradesh, especially from the more developed western countries, have been conducting protests against agricultural regulations, raising hopes of leaving the BJP. This could be another blow to the party, which has already been plagued by a disappointing defeat in the West Bengal by-elections in May.
“This election will be held as a mid-term referendum on the second term of the Modi government,” said Milan Vaishnav, head of the Carnegie Endowment program for International Peace’s South Asia. “They don’t want to just jump around – they want to come up with a noise and create an invincible joy.”
Modi’s farm rules required them to open up agricultural markets in India so that they could participate more effectively, allow companies to buy directly from farmers, and establish contract farming methods. The prime minister said this would free up farmers from exploiters and give them more freedom to do business.
But well-known agricultural families – who have done well in selling state-owned crops at affordable prices – fear that the law is a precursor to cracking down on government procurement and could leave them at risk of powerful corporations.
Modi’s submission to the farmers will affect his reputation as a strong leader who will not be criticized by the people. But Vaishnav said the benefits of changing education could be costly, given the upcoming UP elections and the new political opportunity in Punjab, where the ruling Congress party recently split.
“It’s a smart politics,” he said. “BJP is looking at two very important elections next year when its issue was raised hating the farmer, note the magnitude of the big business and the oppression of the poor. This allows them to communicate freely. ”
But many are skeptical that Modi’s face-to-face decision will restore his popularity in the mid-200m. The protesters suffered very difficult during sit-ins, which sometimes lead to violent conflicts with the police. Modi – and the BJP’s media work – have plagued farmers as patriotic criminals and demonstrators who have hampered the country’s development.
Economists have also warned that disagreements over the proposed reforms could be a long-term backdrop. modern of the agricultural sector in India. Many say that these companies need to restructure everything to improve their economy and environment.
“The worst consequences will be if people say, ‘agriculture is a very hot potato and you can’t catch it’,” said Mekhala Krishnamurthy, senior at New Delhi’s Center for Policy Research, a think tank. . “Great change is needed.”
The way that BJP ran bills in parliament during the Covid-19 epidemic, without much consultation or scrutiny, promotes suspicion and fosters back to back. A former BJP ally in Punjab was also sacked by Modi on orders to resign.
“The damage has occurred deep, ”said Devesh Kapur, director of Asia Programs at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies. “This does not change the switch. The demonstrations lasted for one year.”
After tasting success, farmers want to push for more, such as setting up a secure system for government procurement – at a lower cost – into law, which could lead to a rise in agricultural subsidies that some say are wrong.
“Farmers have won, but they will not cross the border until all their demands are met,” the Bharatiya Kisan Union, or Indian Farmers’ Union, wrote on Saturday.
But Kapur said Modi’s wise escape was an “olive branch” that could help the BJP rebuild a well-known region in a critical region where political opponents remain divided.
“You do not have to pay back all the farmers. . . you have to be successful in them, “he said. Some will even come and go. ”